|Meiguoxing.com, Your Ultimate Guide to Beijing, China
South Cathedral (also known as St. Mary's Church, Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception,
Nantang, Xuanwumen Church, 北京南堂)
Address: 141 Qianmen Xi dajie, Xuanwu District, Beijing
Chinese Address: 北京市西城区前门西大街141号 (宣武门十字路口东北角)
The first Catholic church to be built in Beijing, South Cathedral(Nantang, also known as the Cathedral of the Immaculate
Conception) stands on the site of the residence of the first Jesuit missionary to reach the city, Matteo Ricci. Ricci was the first
missionary to reach Beijing. Arriving in 1601, he sent gifts of European curiosities such as clocks, mathematical instruments, and
a world map to the Wanli emperor. Thus gaining his goodwill, and was eventually given permission to establish a church.
Like many of China’s churches, this restored building has suffered much devastation. Construction first began in 1605, and it
subsequently burned down in 1775. It was rebuilt a century later, only to be destroyed once again during the Box Rebellion of
1900. The cathedral was rebuilt in 1904.
Also known as St. Mary’s Church, it is the city’s largest functioning Catholic cathedral, and has regular services in a variety of
languages including Chinese, English and Latin. Service timings are posted on the noticeboard.
北京南堂 - 北京最早的天主教堂