|Meiguoxing.com, Your Ultimate Guide to Beijing, China
|Confucius Temple - Beijing (Kongmiao, 北京孔庙)
On a tree-shaded street west of Yonghegong (Lama Temple), you'll come to the country's second largest Confucian
temple, smaller only than the one in Confucius' hometown of Qufu. Built in 1306, it consists of four courtyards and houses
198 stone tablets that bear the names of more than 50,000 scholars who passed the imperial exams in the Yuan, Ming and
Qing dynasties. A ceremony in honor of Confucius, China's great sage and philosopher, is held annually on September 28.
The Great Accomplishment Hall in the temple houses Confucius's funeral tablet and shrine, flanked by copper-color
statues depicting China's wisest Confucian scholars. On the site is a marvellous glazed, three-gate, single-eaved
decorative archway, called a liuli paifang (glazed archway). The Biyong Hall beyond is a twin-roofed structure with yellow
tiles surrounded by a moat and topped with a gold knob.
The Temple is the busiest before national university entrance examinations, when students and parents descend in droves
to seek out the Great Sage's assistance. Students make a beeline for the main hall, Dacheng Dian. They throw their
incense on the shrine rather than burn it because of fire regulations.
West of the Confucius Temple stands the Imperial Academy (Guozijian), once the highest educational institution in the
country, where civil servants used to train for the exams that would launch them into court life.
Address: 13 Guozijian Jie (west of Lama Temple), Dongcheng District, Beijing
Chinese Address: 北京市东城区国子监街13号
Transportation: Subway Line 2 at andingmen or yonghegong(walk across the street from the Lama Temple, heading to the
west side of Yonghegong Dajie. Turn right into a street market with an arch)
Admission: Kong Miao RMB10; Guozijian RMB 10
Hours: 9am-4:30pm Tue-Sun
特别推荐：1.元、明、清进士题名碑林 2.祭孔礼乐器的原状 3.公车翰墨中国科举制的实物